Acid Rain: Causes And Effect

Acid Rain: Causes And Effect, The chemicals present in the air and falls on the surface of the earth with rainwater are termed acid rain. The precipitation of acid in the form of rainwater is acid rain. These chemicals mix with air and form part of air droplets when clouds form and rainfall begins these particulates mix with rainwater and fall on the earth’s surface. The cause of acid rain is sulfur and nitrogen oxides. These oxides are released from industries and vehicles and cause water acidic.

Acid Rain: Causes And Effect: Causes of Acid Rain:

There are two main causes of acid rain. These two are,

  • oxide
  • Nitrogen oxide

These two oxides become a cause of acid rain. These oxides are released in two main ways. The one is man-made that is the burning of fossil fuel, vehicles, and emissions from factories. Another one is from natural sources that are volcanic eruption and lightning strike.

Effects of Acid Rain:

Acid rain is harmful to plants, animals, and humans. When it falls on the earth’s surface it washes away all nutrients from the soil and retards the growth of plants. It alters the composition of soil and the survival of plants becomes difficult. It also affects animals and humans and causes respiratory disorders in both of them. When acid rainfall in rivers and ponds causes water pollution, the aquatic life suffers from these oxides and their survival becomes difficult. So it becomes the cause of air and water pollution.

Acid Rain: Causes And Effect: Real-Life Examples:

  • Taj Mahal
  • Statue of Liberty

These two are effect by acid rain and the loss of their aesthetic beauty.

Prevention of Acid Rain:

We can prevent it by creating checks and balances for the release of these oxides from industries, vehicles, burning fossil fuels, and control natural causes of acid rain.

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