Eid-ul-Adha/ Baqar Eid/ Eid-e-Qurban is one of the two annual eid festivals, eid-ul-fitar being the other. In this eid, goat, sheep or cattle are sacrificed. In the Islamic calender, Eid-ul-Adha falls on 10th of Zul-hijj and lasts for the next three days. Sacrifice can be performed on any on these three days. Eid-ul-Adha is also the last part of Hajj (fifth pillar of Islam).
The word “eid” is an Arabic word, which means celebration, a festival or feasting. “Adha” is also an Arabic word, which means sacrifice.
This sanctification is done in the commemoration of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) when He agreed to sacrifice his son Hazrat Ismail (A.S) at the command of Allah but then Allah accepted his sacrifice and sent a ram from heaven for the sacrifice instead of Hazrat Ismail (A.S).
As in the Holy Quran, Surah Saffat (ayat 100 to 112);
“O my Lord! Grant me a righteous (son)!” So we gave him the good news of a boy ready to suffer and forbear. Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: “O my son! I see in vision that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what is thy view!” (The son) said: “O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me if Allah so wills one practicing Patience and Constancy!” So when they had both submitted their wills (to Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice), We called out to him “O Ibrahim! thou hast already fulfilled the vision!” – thus indeed do We reward those who do right.
For this was obviously at trial- And we ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice: And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times: “Peace and salutations to Ibrahim!” Thus indeed do We reward those who do right. For he was one of our believing Servants. And We gave him the good news of Ishaaq- a prophet- one of the Righteous.
One day Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) saw a dream in which he was sacrificing Hazrat Ismail (A.S). Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) told this dream to his son, Hazrat Ismail (A.S). Upon hearing the dream Hazrat Ismail (A.S) agreed and told his father that he should do as the Almighty Allah has ordered him in the dream. So they set for their journey to the sacrificial ground. In the way, devil (shaitan) appeared before Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) to delude him from his goal. Hazrat Ibrahim pelt him with 7 stones. This occured 3 times and Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) pelted shaitan with 7 stones each time.
In commemoration of this rejection of shaitan by Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S), during the Hajj, stones are pelted at the symbolic pillars (jamarat). After reaching the sacrificial ground, Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S), laid him on his forehead, bound Hazrat Ismail’s (A.S) hands upon his saying and his eyes so that his fatherly love does not dissuade him from his duty. When he took out the knife and put it on Hazrat Ismail (A.S) neck, Hazrat Jibrael (A.S) came, brought a ram from the heaven and said that you have fulfilled the revelation, it was a test for you in which you both have succeeded. Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated in the commemoration of this sacrifice performed by the prophet Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S). This is the reason the prophet Hazrat Ismail (A.S) is also called “Zabeehullah”.
Practice of the Sacrifice:
In Eid-ul-Adha/ Baqar Eid/ Eid-e-Qurban, the animal to be sacrificed is called zabeeha. The zabeeha should not be a yound animal (baby animal). The zabeeha is bought before the Eid.
On the eid day, before the sacrifice, Eid namaz is offered in the mosques and grand prayer grounds (also called eidgaah). After the prayer, the zabeeha are brought to the sacrificial grounds (can be sacrificed anywhere; even in houses). Only a muslim adult person can perform the ritual, reciting the following takbeer;
اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ. وَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
While sacrificing the zabeeha these takbeer are recited in Eid-ul-Adha/ Baqar Eid/ Eid-e-Qurban.
The total meat is divided in 3 part. One part is distributed among the poor, one among the relatives and one is kept in home.
Then people send meat to each other and greet each other saying Eid Mubarik.
Purpose of the Sacrifice:
Commemoration of the sacrifice performed by Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) that nothing should be held more dear than the order of Allah.
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