Probiotics Living Microorganisms like bacteria and yeast that are good for the human body.
Certain types of bacteria are found in human body, some of which are friendly, like the bacteria found in the gut. These gut bacteria also help in digestion. The probiotics replace or enhance the number of such good bacteria. That why they are also called the good bacteria or the helpful bacteria.
Elie Metchnikoff was the first ever scientist to report about the probiotics. In 1907, he postulated that harmful gut microflora can be replaced by some useful good microflora. He observed that peasants of Russia and Bulgaria who consume more yogurt lived the longer. Thus he concluded that yogurt might contain such helpful bacteria.
When a person becomes ill, he uses antibiotics. These antibiotics not only kill the bacteria causing the illness but also the good bacteria that are indigenous to our body and as a result the person becomes more weak. To improve this condition, probiotics play a very important role by adding some friendly bacteria back into the body.
The probiotics apart from helping the good bacteria in their functioning also maintains the balance between good and bad bacteria of the body. These are mostly found in fermented food. The probiotics may possible be effective against cholesterol level (up to an extent), bacterial vaginosis, antibiotic association diarrhea, certain infections, inflammatory bowl disease, recurrent abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome etc.
There are many types of bacteria that are classified as probiotics. The most common one are;
It is one of the most commonly found probiotic. Different strains of lactobacillus helps digest milk sugar in lactose intolerant people. It also help with diarrhea. It is found in some cottage cheese, kombucha (a type of fermented tea originated in East Russia), saurkraut etc.
It may help with the IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). Yogurt, kimchi, kefir etc contain bifidobacterium.
This is a yeast which is found in probiotics. It also helps with digestion and diarrhea.
Normally probiotics have no side effects to a vast majority, however there is always a chance of exception. In rare cases, the probiotics may cause; bloating, gas, upset stomach or diarrhea. But these symptoms go away on its own as the consumer gets used to it. The situation may also be different for people who have immune problems or some other serious health issue. Such people should always take them after consulting their medical supervisor.
Above article is about some basics of Probiotics Living Microorganisms
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