Women Empowerment in Afghanistan: Comparing the Taliban Regime and it is Aftermath

Women Empowerment in Afghanistan this thesis aims to study the situation of women in Afghanistan comparing the Taliban regime and the post-Taliban period (since 2001). It aims to address the question of how these periods differed in terms of providing conditions for women empowerment and what factors, other than political regime, may explain the status quo of women in this country. The aim of the study was to get primary information from stakeholders based on urban and rural divide to the extent that real situation can be unveiled. The analysis is based on literature review, key informants interviews and focused group discussions with different segments of the society supplementing it with the case studies of the victims.

The conclusion is drawn which suggested that many factors including Talibanisation have contributed to the vulnerability of women. The international community is only focusing on trivial issues which are not just because of Talibanisation but also due to the conservatism and patriarchy. The present Afghanistan is slowly progressing towards women development and protection of their rights. However the present government and international community should act more vigilantly in safeguarding women rights across board otherwise major percentage of women in rural and remote Afghanistan will never have rights, basic facilities and empowerment thus the plight of women will never end.

Significance of the Research:

The research signifies two things; one is academic that would help the researcher to learn the research conduction, the other is to make a resource document which is based on primary information from different groups of people living in both rural and urban areas of Afghanistan.

Limitation of the Research:

The research is based on qualitative assessment; time had been a constraint as the activities have to be conducted hastily. The issue was quite sensitive therefore, it was difficult to bring the informants into confidence and make them understand the need and utility of this research. Furthermore, the reliability of the responses was taken as a limitation also, because the exaggeration about the Taliban era was kept in view and later verified with the activists and officials working for women and human rights.

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